The ZX Spectrum, released in 1982, had a limited color palette. It was capable of displaying 8 colors, each of which had a fixed definition in terms of hue, saturation, and brightness. The 8 colors available were black, blue, red, magenta, green, cyan, yellow, and white. These colors were used to create the graphics and text on the display.
The ZX Spectrum had two different graphic modes. The first mode, known as the “hi-res” mode, was capable of displaying a resolution of 256 x 192 pixels. In this mode, a single color could be selected for each 8 x 8 pixel block. The second mode, known as the “low-res” mode, was capable of displaying a resolution of 128 x 96 pixels. In this mode, only two colors could be selected for each 8 x 8 pixel block.
Limitations of Color
Due to the limited color palette, the ZX Spectrum was not able to display gradients or color blends. This was a major limitation, as it meant that more complex graphics could not be created. In addition, the limited color palette meant that the display was limited to 8 colors, which could become quite garish when displayed in the same screen.
Using Software to Enhance Color
Despite the limitations of the color palette, software could be used to enhance the color capabilities of the ZX Spectrum. Programs such as “Art Studio” and “Scribble” allowed users to create more complex graphics, as well as allowing for color gradients and blends. There were also programs such as “ColorPaint” which allowed users to create color palettes that could be used in the hi-res and low-res modes.
In conclusion, the ZX Spectrum was limited to 8 colors, but software could be used to enhance the color capabilities of the system. This allowed for more complex graphics and color gradients, which made the system more appealing to users.